Lake katwe Explosion craters are group of volcanic craters which are found with in Queen Elizabeth National Park in south western Uganda, Kasese District. The area is mainly dominated by ancient hard Volcanic rocks and gentle slopes with explosive crater and a rift valley. Lake katwe is a traditional salt mining lake that were formed through volcanic eruption about 10000 years ago. The lake water is served with streams but has no outlet hence making it a salty lake.
The intensive evaporation in dry season and concentration of minerals in the hyper saline water makes it easy for the locals to extract salt. Rock salt is extracted locally from the main lake to the landing area where it is dried for sale. Local people use the ambatch trees to float salt on the lake to the landing site as the easiest means.
Lake Katwe is the number one salt distributor in Uganda and employs many people living around. Salt got out of lake Katwe is sold to the neighboring countries like Rwanda, Burundi DR Congo, mainly for treating hides and skins and for cooking in food. The reminder of the salt is consumed locally by the local Ugandans. The entire Lake Katwe explosion craters are not able to attract and accommodate many animals because of the salty water. However, elephants, buffaloes, Baboons and flamingos can be seen at the baboon cliff.
The lake Katwe explosion craters are located north of Mweya peninsular and are the highest elevation within Queen Elizabeth national park. They are known as extinct though they still eject sulphurous gas smells. Katwe explosion crater area is not good for game viewing because of tall bush and trees but create a very nice views around and across the entire park. Its easily accessed by someone doing explosion crater drive in Queen Elizabeth national park.
Touring lake katwe, gives one a chance to visit the long-ago salt factory and works at the lake where you will get information about how salt is formed from super concentrated saline water during the dry season. You will also know that this kind of work isn’t easy in such a way that it causes sexual problems to both men and women who work there, where by women put flour in their private parts to avoid toxic water entering them and men put on condoms to protect their penis though people living in Katwe village still work hard since they depend on salt mining for a living therefore one can show them support by buying crafts from them.
Once again during the tour, Visitors expects to encounter wild animals’ baboons, Uganda Kobs, Elephants, Buffaloes at Nyamunuka crater lake, the Munyanyange explosion crater lake also attracts variety of migratory birds such as flamingos, Pelicans, plovers, stilts and many more which gives opportunity for bird lovers to fill their list while of a bird watching Safari in Uganda.
A visit to lake Katwe takes approximately 3-4 hours so it can be done as an activity on your Safari itinerary during a tour with Adventures To Gorilla Africa, to queen Elizabeth national park in Uganda such as 10 days Best of Uganda holiday Safari . In this visit you get information about salt mining because it’s the major activity and the history of the area. It’s also good to note that there was a factory that used to process salt but it closed due to the tubes getting spoiled by the salt.